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Once there was a girl, who was young, so talented, kind hearted, and all above an inspiration for many people. She left many people behind in search of success. She was so young. She has a good knowledge about chemicals and drugs. She dreamed of becoming an astronaut. Because she always says that she wants a roller coaster who can take her out in space. She wants to swing a sway between moon and the earth. She wants a hammock to lay between Canes Major and Minor. She wants a spring to jump over planets. She wants to drive a car on Saturn’s ring. She wants an amphibious cycle to travel the whole Milky Way. I want to slide to come back on earth after an incredible view of an enrich reality. I want to become an astronaut.
Her name was Francisca , she was hardworking. In her life there came a phase when she took a drug which can help her to get up for up to 48 hours straight. That drug also made her brain work faster. But it is well said that “Any kind of experiment needs to be investigated unless you know that it isn’t dangerous. But that silly girl doesn't know that the drug will harm her. The craziness for success and fame kills people. It is clear that when one gains success and fame they become the enemy of their own or the others, as they can’t see no one above them. So they just do anything that they don’t have to do
Francisca has lost her confidence and was depressed, she doesn't know what to do. In those days, she met a girl named Mary, who advised her to live freely and not to trust anyone, there are always ups and downs in the road of life. She added not to cry over small things and to chin-up and be happy. She told her friend that she was afraid of people’s reaction. Mary advises her not to take care of people but of herself, try to be happy with what you’re.
Francisca was at the stage where she thinks that she is bad and she can’t be good. Her friend told her that taking drugs doesn't make her a bad one or cruel. She try to attempts suicide but was failed to get rid of all. It is well said that agony will seep into your roots making you weak and lonely, frustration will begin to reek you.
YouTube is becoming dangerous day by day due to its cringe videos as it is age of technology take care of yourself ,your love one's and your children's .Let not anyone misguid or mislead them
National hero of Pushtuns:
It would be injustice to the history of resistance without including the story of Advocate Rahim Mandokhail for the Afghan culture, history and language. A true son of an Afghan soil who thoroughly defended the nation at any platform he fittest against giants as like khushal khan khattak, Pir Roshan and Ifi faqir while politically like Bacha khan and khan Shaheed Abdul Samad khan Achakzai.
In the village of Zob “Aomzha Murseenzai” date 12 January 1937 the man of resistance and existence born. The beginning of his educational career had been started from the Govt High School Zob in 1942; later on he went to Govt Science College Quetta and then completed his graduation degree in law from Peshawar.
Furthermore, he started his practical politics in 1954 when Khan Shaheed had been jailed by the administration due his political thoughts and struggles for the national integrity in the umbrella of “Waror Pashtun” so, Mr Rahim abruptly inspired from the struggles of this numantain man. In line of rationality he believed that it would be impossible without the collective struggle so, he started to join the study circles of these of rational, nationalist and progressive mates. As nation we have lost the running library of pushtun’s geography, and history.
Moreover, the enclosing of nomadic pushtuns in set of rules and teaching them their values, importance of their land, state oppressions and plundering of resources is one the main goal which he had achieved astonishingly and prudently. And he were a clear concept about “Jihad” against Soviet that this is not play of an Afghans, the world powers is using our land for their nefarious interest and they are bluntly using us as missionaries, our shoulders are being used as hide guns. Meanwhile PKMAP historical narrative were being ratified by the Pakistani generals in Talks that we used an Afghans against an Afghans for our interest.
Factually, Abdul Rahim Mandokhail has had true Muslim Afghan Nationalist. The prophet Muhammad(PBUH) were of one the his favorite personality, thenceforth, in the arena of Pushtun Nationalism, Khan Shaheed Abdul Samad khan Achakzai, Bacha khan Pir Roshan, Ifi Faqir and more others heroes were his political keens and ideological mentors.
Furthermore, he were titled by the Party colleagues that man of who memorized history because his essence of knowledge can be acknowledged by his writing, lectures on Vietnam War, Cuba revolution, Marxist history and revolutions.it would be not wrong that he were a master of this history and learnt it by cons and prons.
The intellectuality and bind grip on knowledge of social sciences and nationalist, progressive and scientific knowledge is the legacy of Advocate Rahim Mandokhail in the Pushtunkhowa Milli Awami Party and finally, the Sun of wisdom splendid at 20 May 2017 in Quetta Bolan Medical Campus.
At last the Two lines in Pashtu poetry is dedicated to his struggles and personality.
موږ بۀ نۀ موږ بۀ مړۀ يو، موږ بۀ خاورې
خو دا زمــــوږ کرلی فصل به لـونګ کړي
Sources of Article:
The Pashto article of Rafiullah Pashtoon
Written by Farooq kochai
Interlinking Meta-Cognition with university's students academic achievements in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
This study aims at investigating the association between metacognitive awareness and student’s
academic achievements. The study undertakes the objectives and hypotheses on Low, Average and
High achievers in addition to assess the effects of metacognition awareness level on student’s
academic achievement. Through multistage stratified random sampling, data was collected from 160
undergraduate students, studying in Department of Mathematics & Department of English in Abdul
Wali Khan University, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa. Data was collected through Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) by schraw and Dennison(1994),CGPA of the students,self-developed objective
type subject test. Descriptive Statistics & statistical tests (Chi
square & Linear Regression) were
applied for data analyses. The results showed that metacognitive awareness had significant effect on
student’s academic achievement (CGPA) in Department of English whereas it was found to be
insignificant in Department of Mathematics. The study recommends an
introductory course on
Educational Psychology, which cater the metacognitive needs of the students. Moreover, research
studies are recommended in the subjects except English and Mathematics. The cultural difference of
the students, teachers, and locality
of the universities might be taken care of future perspective of
Learning is a continuous, rather complicated & cyclic process which plays important role in academic
development of learners (Dweck, 2002). Metacognition is a new emerging concept, which enable the
learner to be smart worker, not hard worker. Flavell in 1976 introduce a term meta-memory, which provided base for the introduction of metacognition in educational psychology(Baltaciand & Akpinar
2011; Kayashima et al., 2004;
Yore & Treagust, 2006). Metacognition is further elaborated
as know how about mental processes for learning & regulation of mental processes (Brown, 1987). It is the
capability through which students implicate cognitive processes in thinking & understanding about
and regulating their cognitive processes for the learning processes (Schraw & Dennison, 1994; Sungur & Senler, 2009). Meta-Cognition can be explained as the
knowledge about selection of appropriate strategies
for solving problems and fruitful learning. It actually gives information about when, how, why to use
any strategy for performing any learning task (Santrock, 2008).
It is generally assumed that students are not using metacognition consciously in their
academic as well as general tasks because metacognition is neither taught nor openly discussed
concept in the educational context in Pakistan. Metacognition enables the learner to be expert of their
own cognitive processes (evaluate, observe, monitor & regulate), which are important for learning. It
simply means that how, why and when they understand a concept as well as don‘t understand a
concept. According to research studies, significant association is found among Metacognition,
intelligence, and academic achievements (
Bağçeciet et al., 2011; Young & Fry, 2008; Dunning et al., 2003; Desoete & Roeyers, 2002; Kruger & Dunning, 1999;
Borkowski, Carr, & Pressely, 1987;
Sternberg, 1986a; Sternberg, 1984
). Meta-cognition is important
process for in
-depth involvement of
students in the learning process (Costa &Kellick, 2009). Highly strategic, Problem solver and good
predictors of own scores are those learners who are highly metacognitive aware (Artzt & Thomas, 1992; Garner & Alexander, 1989; Swanson, 1992). Researchers suggest metacognition as important
component for fruitful learning and high academic achievement
Taebee et al., 1998;
Awarded degrees after
completion and Cumulative
Grade Point Average (CGPA)
are mostly representative of
of individual student. In the current study, the Grade Point
Average (GPA) of individual stud
ents in previously completed semester‘s results were considered
their academic achievements.
The Govt. of Pakistan has focused on higher education and particularly
in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa over the last two decades, and to enhance the outcomes of higher education,
29 public sector universities have been instituted in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as per mentioned phases: before year
2000, from 2000 to 2009, & from 2009 to 2018. A total of
nineteen (19) state-owned universities were established In the 3rd phase. Abdul Wali Khan
University Mardan (AWKUM) is the only university in 3rd phase, wh
ich mothered five universities in
Therefore, it is considered that the academic parameters in this university will be more Up to date than
others. Hence, the present study explains understanding of metacognition
among the Students in the chosen subjects of Mathematics and English. Metacognition in these two areas is most effective process for best learning (Benito, 2000; Ceylan, & Harputlu,
2015; Karbalaei, 2011;
Schoenfeld, 2009; Wenden, 1998
) but above cited reports were content limited mostly in the relevant
subjects. Our study co-relates
the general awareness of metacognition versus academic achievements of students & investigates its
effects on student‘s academic achievements, with special focus on Low, Average, and High achievers, in the selected teaching departments in AWKUM.For one, the
following objectives have been developed to answer the effects of Meta-Cognition on students‘
Objectives of the Study
To assess Meta-Cognitive Awareness
level of undergraduate students.
To investigate the effects of
level on students‘ academic
To find association between
level and students‘ gender.
To find association between
level and High, Average and Low
There is relationship between Meta
Cognitive Awareness level and academic achievements of
There is difference in Meta
Cognitive Awareness level
of female and male students.
There is difference in Meta
Cognitive Awareness level
of High, Average and Low achievers.
Learning is a merely natural process which take place throughout the life, as an individual expose to
the Various events in his/her life. It is also time dependent process that means more exposure led to more learning. However, it depends on individual capabilities which a person has, that how much
he/she can learn from a single event in life. The knowledge of
metacognition and its appropriate
application could be helpful in minimizing the individual‘s differential learning. The proper utilization
of metacognitive strategies by subject tutors and respective students could lead to noteworthy impact
academic achievements of students. Our data exhibited that the students‘ academic achievements were
in direct relation to their metacognitive awareness. The previous reports were found in accordance to
the outcomes of department of English in our study (Coutinho, 2007,
Dunning et.al., 2003; Kodak& Boyacá
, 2010; Ndidiamaka, 2010; Pintrich & De Groot, 1990; Sperling et.al., 2002; Taebee et.al.,
1998; Young, Fry, & Jan, 2008). Furthermore, the student‘s data in Department of Mathematics
produced insignificant effect on academic achievements (CGPA) of students who were metacognitively aware. The previous reports (Cubukcu
, 2009; Mousoulides & Philippou, 2005) were in accordance to our findings.
For the purpose of improvement in achieving desired academic goa
ls, we recommend the following
points based on our data analysis and discussing it in light of related literature via Metacognitive
Knowledge and Metacognitive Self-regulation.
Keeping in view the Metacognitive needs of students in both departments,
include an introductory course on Educational.
For improvement of Critical Thinking among the students in both departments, Faculty
members might also be offered with refresher courses.
Teachers may also be trained for enabling the students
on how to undertake self-questioning,
self-Assessment, self-regulation and thinking aloud during learning activities. If faculty in
both departments of AWKUM lack the skill in that, then they might arrange training sessions
for teaching faculty based on th
e recommended strategies of Metacognition Knowledge &
Being the key target for learning, the students need to be evaluated by their tutors according
to the parameters discussed in the present research. The students, failing to comply with
discussed parameters might be provided with appropriate proper
on the respective subject. The students
should be provided by the experts in the
University, if not available at the institution, then sessions migh
t be arranged on the monthly
basis for such students by inviting the experts from other Universities.
Our data exhibited that the students tends to apply metacognitive strategies primarily for learn
by rote instead of conceptual learning and comprehension.
The tutors and counselling experts
must focus on realizing the students that understanding the information is primary to
memorizing, otherwise, it might lead them to be conceptually weak in the subject and unable
for further learning.
Furthermore, the researchers need to evaluate the impact of application of metacognitive
strategies in the various subjects excluding Mathematics & English. Moreover, the cultural
diversity might be considered during future research regimes.
For detail study click on below link: https://doi.org/10.36902/sjesr-vol3-iss4-2020(239-246)