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*الاقصٰی میڈیا جموں و کشمیر*
*Al-Aqsa Media Jammu & Kashmir*
*بھارت مختلف قوانین کے ذریعے جموں و کشمیر کی مسلم اکثریتی شناخت کو ختم اور غیر کشمیریوں کو آباد کر رہا ہے*
* مقبوضہ جموں و کشمیر میں بھارتی اقدامات اقوام متحدہ کی قراردادوں کی خلاف ورزی ہیں ، حریت ترجمان*
*سرینگر: 08اکتوبر 2020*
غیر قانونی طور پر بھارت کے زیر تسلط جموں وکشمیر میں کل جماعتی حریت کانفرنس کے جنرل سیکریٹری مولوی بشیر احمدنے کہا ہے کہ بھارت جموں و کشمیر میں روزانہ کی بنیادپر مختلف قوانین نافذ کر کے مقبوضہ علاقے کی موجودہ مسلم اکثریتی شناخت کو ختم ، ڈومیسائل قانون کی آڑ میں غیر ریاستی باشندوں کو آباد اورکشمیریوں سے جبراً ان کی زمینیں چھین رہا ہے ۔ کشمیر میڈیا سروس کے مطابق مولوی بشیر احمد نے سرینگر سے جاری ایک بیان میں بھارتی حکومت کے ان غیر قانونی اقدامات پر شدید ردعمل ظاہر کرتے ہوئے کہاکہ مقبوضہ جموں و کشمیر میں جب تک بھارت کا ایک بھی فوجی موجود ہے کشمیریوں کی مزاحمت جاری رہے گی ۔انہوں نے کہاکہ مقبوضہ جموں و کشمیر کی سا لمیت اور جغرافیائی حیثیت میں تغیر و تبدیلی ، آبادی کے تناسب کو بگاڑنے ، غیر ریاستی باشندوں کو ڈومیسائل سرٹیفیکیٹس کے اجرا اور حکومتی سطح پر ان کےلئے لاکھوں مکانات کی تعمیر ، نوجوانوں کے قتل عام ،انسانی حقوق کی سنگین پامالیوں اور مسلسل گرفتاریوں کے خلاف کشمیری عوام کی پرامن جدوجہد جاری رہے گی اور بھارت کبھی بھی اپنے مذموم مقاصد میں کامیاب نہیں ہوگا ۔ انھوں نے جموں وکشمیر کے اطراف و اکناف بالخصوص فوجی کیمپوں کے قریب رہنے والے کشمیری عوام کو جبری طور پر ان کی زمینوں سے بے دخل کرنے اور چھینی گئی اراضی پر سابق بھارتی فوجیوں ،آر ایس ایس کے کارکنوں اور غیر کشمیری مزدوروں کےلئے بستیوں کے قیام کے بارے میں اطلاعات پر شدید ردعمل ظاہر کیا ۔ مولوی بشیر احمد نے قابض بھارتی حکومت کے ان اقدامات کو مقبوضہ جموں و کشمیر کی سا لمیت اور اس کی متنازعہ حیثیت اور اقوام متحدہ کی قرادادوں کے خلاف قرار دیتے ہوئے کہا کہ کشمیری عوام اس طرح کے کسی بھی فیصلے کو مسترد کرتے ہیں اور کوئی بھی یکطرفہ فیصلہ انہیں قطعاََ منظور نہیں۔انھوں نے کشمیری عوام کے جذبے اور بلند عزم و حوصلے کو سلام پیش کرتے ہوئے کہا کہ عوام ہمیشہ کی طرح آئندہ بھی بھارت پر یہ واضح کردیں گے کہ وہ جموں وکشمیر پر اس کے غیر قانونی قبضے کوکسی بھی صورت میں تسلیم نہیں کریں گے ۔ حریت کانفرنس کے جنرل سیکریٹری نے کہاکہ گزشتہ سات دہائیوں سے کشمیری عوام بھارت کے غیر قانونی تسلط، ریاستی دہشت گردی اور سیاسی ناانصافی کا سامنا کررہے ہیں اور بھارت کشمیر سمیت پورے علاقے میں دہشت گردی اور امن دشمنی میں ملوث ہے۔ انہوںنے کہاکہ اقوام متحدہ اور اقوام عالم کو چاہیے کہ وہ حقائق کا ساتھ دیں اور بھارت کی اصلیت کو سمجھ لیں کہ کس طرح ہندو بالا دستی کے نظریے پر عمل پیرا بھارتی حکومت ملک میں اقلیتوں کے حقوق کو لاقانونیت اور جمہوریت کش ُاقدامات کے ذریعے سلب کرکے اقلیتوں کو خوف و ہراس اور ناانصافی کا نشانہ بناتی ہے ۔ انہوں نے کہا اقوام متحدہ کو چاہیے کہ وہ اپنی متعلقہ قراردادوں پر عمل درآمد کے ذریعے تنازعہ کو حل کرکے خطے میں پائیدار امن و سلامتی کے قیام کیلئے اپنا اہم کردار ادا کرے ۔
*Al-Aqsa Media Jammu & Kashmir*
*Official News Service*
Suicide is not a solution.
Life is very beautiful either if you’re are in trouble or at the peak of happiness. Every stage has its own beauty and every stage gives us a lifelong lesson. It is true that there comes really hard time in one’s life when every door seems closed for him/her. But one can find a solution to overcome that difficulty if he/she acts optimistically. Mostly, it happens in teenage and one forgets his/her existence and blindly follows strong emotions that come in mind on that very moment. Definitely, when a person blindly follows such thoughtless mind, of course, the result will be very shocking and this is the moment when we extinguish the illumination of our life.
Life is very beautiful, that one cannot imagine without undergoing deep experiences of hardships. If one is in trouble today, he needs to keep one thing in mind that every beginning has an end, so he has to keep patience.
When we have a on Chitral, we see suicide cases increasing on a daily base. Every year, almost 15 people commit suicide and majority of them are women. This is indeed an alarming moment for the residents and proper initiatives need to be taken to overcome the issue. It’s a fact that this act is enough to destroy so many lives. Our administration needs to work on this and tackle the issue.
But here rises a question that if one attempts suicide does he/she find it the only solution to the problem? The answer is definitely No?
Of course, this is not the way to face problems and this is not the way to fight with ups and downs of life. Even after getting so much education, after listening to or watching so many motivational speeches, if one still attempts suicide, it means he/she is a loser nothing else, because that individual doesn’t have the courage to fight, doesn’t have faith in him/herself. He/she thinks if a failure or something else happens, how can he/she face people’s comments which seem like he/she is living people’s life, instead of focusing on oneself and one’s family. This remains the victims’ focus to ponder again and again that “what will people say?”
This short sentence has ruined so many lives, but it feels like, it is not the sentence, rather it is one’s thoughtless mind that destroys a life.
These are the ups and downs, which we call life. If one doesn’t face difficulties then how can he/she comes to know about the value of happiness.
We have seen so many girls who were even raped and they are still alive because they know that if they attempted suicide except their cases being closed nothing will happen and the perpetrators will get benefit from it.
Personally, I’m witness to so many CSS/PMS aspirants who spent their precious time and failed to get through but are still alive and are living good lives. Moments of failing in CSS/PMS, medical/engineering tests are not the sunset of life. Apart from these, there are so many fields, where individuals can and are free to appear.
I don’t know why I feel like it’s becoming a trend in our area that if someone fails in a subject or scores less marks, he/she lacks with ways to deal with it except attempting suicide.
This is not the way to face problems. Imagine, if we lose minimum 15 people in a year, then we have to wait for a holocaust, which will negatively affect the whole society. So, what we need to focus is; life is so beautiful, which never deserves to be vanished the way we see.
Suicide should not be the solution and it’s not the solution.
مائے ایک چترالی طلبہ ہو جس کی آپ لوگوں کی سپورٹ چاہئیے اس لیہ آپ سے گزارش ہے موجے اگے جانے کا موقع دے میرے پوسٹ کو لائک سہارے ضرور کریں اس سے میرے اندر ایک جذبہ پیدا ہو جائیگا
Interlinking Meta-Cognition with university's students academic achievements in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
This study aims at investigating the association between metacognitive awareness and student’s
academic achievements. The study undertakes the objectives and hypotheses on Low, Average and
High achievers in addition to assess the effects of metacognition awareness level on student’s
academic achievement. Through multistage stratified random sampling, data was collected from 160
undergraduate students, studying in Department of Mathematics & Department of English in Abdul
Wali Khan University, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa. Data was collected through Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) by schraw and Dennison(1994),CGPA of the students,self-developed objective
type subject test. Descriptive Statistics & statistical tests (Chi
square & Linear Regression) were
applied for data analyses. The results showed that metacognitive awareness had significant effect on
student’s academic achievement (CGPA) in Department of English whereas it was found to be
insignificant in Department of Mathematics. The study recommends an
introductory course on
Educational Psychology, which cater the metacognitive needs of the students. Moreover, research
studies are recommended in the subjects except English and Mathematics. The cultural difference of
the students, teachers, and locality
of the universities might be taken care of future perspective of
Learning is a continuous, rather complicated & cyclic process which plays important role in academic
development of learners (Dweck, 2002). Metacognition is a new emerging concept, which enable the
learner to be smart worker, not hard worker. Flavell in 1976 introduce a term meta-memory, which provided base for the introduction of metacognition in educational psychology(Baltaciand & Akpinar
2011; Kayashima et al., 2004;
Yore & Treagust, 2006). Metacognition is further elaborated
as know how about mental processes for learning & regulation of mental processes (Brown, 1987). It is the
capability through which students implicate cognitive processes in thinking & understanding about
and regulating their cognitive processes for the learning processes (Schraw & Dennison, 1994; Sungur & Senler, 2009). Meta-Cognition can be explained as the
knowledge about selection of appropriate strategies
for solving problems and fruitful learning. It actually gives information about when, how, why to use
any strategy for performing any learning task (Santrock, 2008).
It is generally assumed that students are not using metacognition consciously in their
academic as well as general tasks because metacognition is neither taught nor openly discussed
concept in the educational context in Pakistan. Metacognition enables the learner to be expert of their
own cognitive processes (evaluate, observe, monitor & regulate), which are important for learning. It
simply means that how, why and when they understand a concept as well as don‘t understand a
concept. According to research studies, significant association is found among Metacognition,
intelligence, and academic achievements (
Bağçeciet et al., 2011; Young & Fry, 2008; Dunning et al., 2003; Desoete & Roeyers, 2002; Kruger & Dunning, 1999;
Borkowski, Carr, & Pressely, 1987;
Sternberg, 1986a; Sternberg, 1984
). Meta-cognition is important
process for in
-depth involvement of
students in the learning process (Costa &Kellick, 2009). Highly strategic, Problem solver and good
predictors of own scores are those learners who are highly metacognitive aware (Artzt & Thomas, 1992; Garner & Alexander, 1989; Swanson, 1992). Researchers suggest metacognition as important
component for fruitful learning and high academic achievement
Taebee et al., 1998;
Awarded degrees after
completion and Cumulative
Grade Point Average (CGPA)
are mostly representative of
of individual student. In the current study, the Grade Point
Average (GPA) of individual stud
ents in previously completed semester‘s results were considered
their academic achievements.
The Govt. of Pakistan has focused on higher education and particularly
in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa over the last two decades, and to enhance the outcomes of higher education,
29 public sector universities have been instituted in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as per mentioned phases: before year
2000, from 2000 to 2009, & from 2009 to 2018. A total of
nineteen (19) state-owned universities were established In the 3rd phase. Abdul Wali Khan
University Mardan (AWKUM) is the only university in 3rd phase, wh
ich mothered five universities in
Therefore, it is considered that the academic parameters in this university will be more Up to date than
others. Hence, the present study explains understanding of metacognition
among the Students in the chosen subjects of Mathematics and English. Metacognition in these two areas is most effective process for best learning (Benito, 2000; Ceylan, & Harputlu,
2015; Karbalaei, 2011;
Schoenfeld, 2009; Wenden, 1998
) but above cited reports were content limited mostly in the relevant
subjects. Our study co-relates
the general awareness of metacognition versus academic achievements of students & investigates its
effects on student‘s academic achievements, with special focus on Low, Average, and High achievers, in the selected teaching departments in AWKUM.For one, the
following objectives have been developed to answer the effects of Meta-Cognition on students‘
Objectives of the Study
To assess Meta-Cognitive Awareness
level of undergraduate students.
To investigate the effects of
level on students‘ academic
To find association between
level and students‘ gender.
To find association between
level and High, Average and Low
There is relationship between Meta
Cognitive Awareness level and academic achievements of
There is difference in Meta
Cognitive Awareness level
of female and male students.
There is difference in Meta
Cognitive Awareness level
of High, Average and Low achievers.
Learning is a merely natural process which take place throughout the life, as an individual expose to
the Various events in his/her life. It is also time dependent process that means more exposure led to more learning. However, it depends on individual capabilities which a person has, that how much
he/she can learn from a single event in life. The knowledge of
metacognition and its appropriate
application could be helpful in minimizing the individual‘s differential learning. The proper utilization
of metacognitive strategies by subject tutors and respective students could lead to noteworthy impact
academic achievements of students. Our data exhibited that the students‘ academic achievements were
in direct relation to their metacognitive awareness. The previous reports were found in accordance to
the outcomes of department of English in our study (Coutinho, 2007,
Dunning et.al., 2003; Kodak& Boyacá
, 2010; Ndidiamaka, 2010; Pintrich & De Groot, 1990; Sperling et.al., 2002; Taebee et.al.,
1998; Young, Fry, & Jan, 2008). Furthermore, the student‘s data in Department of Mathematics
produced insignificant effect on academic achievements (CGPA) of students who were metacognitively aware. The previous reports (Cubukcu
, 2009; Mousoulides & Philippou, 2005) were in accordance to our findings.
For the purpose of improvement in achieving desired academic goa
ls, we recommend the following
points based on our data analysis and discussing it in light of related literature via Metacognitive
Knowledge and Metacognitive Self-regulation.
Keeping in view the Metacognitive needs of students in both departments,
include an introductory course on Educational.
For improvement of Critical Thinking among the students in both departments, Faculty
members might also be offered with refresher courses.
Teachers may also be trained for enabling the students
on how to undertake self-questioning,
self-Assessment, self-regulation and thinking aloud during learning activities. If faculty in
both departments of AWKUM lack the skill in that, then they might arrange training sessions
for teaching faculty based on th
e recommended strategies of Metacognition Knowledge &
Being the key target for learning, the students need to be evaluated by their tutors according
to the parameters discussed in the present research. The students, failing to comply with
discussed parameters might be provided with appropriate proper
on the respective subject. The students
should be provided by the experts in the
University, if not available at the institution, then sessions migh
t be arranged on the monthly
basis for such students by inviting the experts from other Universities.
Our data exhibited that the students tends to apply metacognitive strategies primarily for learn
by rote instead of conceptual learning and comprehension.
The tutors and counselling experts
must focus on realizing the students that understanding the information is primary to
memorizing, otherwise, it might lead them to be conceptually weak in the subject and unable
for further learning.
Furthermore, the researchers need to evaluate the impact of application of metacognitive
strategies in the various subjects excluding Mathematics & English. Moreover, the cultural
diversity might be considered during future research regimes.
For detail study click on below link: https://doi.org/10.36902/sjesr-vol3-iss4-2020(239-246)
Awareness of Metacognition is one of new emerging and interesting concept in education psychology. It's introduction has a link with Flavel work and latter on giving the name metamemory to his new introduced concept.Its umbrella ⛱️ term covers two major components; Metacognitive knowledge and self-regulation which further have 8 minor components.
Many months have elapsed! And yeah alot of temps (time) has passed that we couldn't see lumiére (light) at the end of tunnel. We couldn't see a ray of espérer (hope). We often have had glimpse bitter memoirs. We couldn't have coup d' oeil (glance) a true and perfect union. I like to be a boring soul. Being boring is bit inquisitive. Because boredom is something which we could feel in high times. If you're a boring person then you might ask comme la craie et le fromage (like chalk and cheese ) queries alternatively. And its been cool and wacky. Sometimes it have been far-reaching but we might behave like contemplative. Asking queries about politique (politics) is normal but it depends on our interest which would require a profundity. Discussing political system of Pakistan would sometimes blow your mind. But being a high-five class citizen we have need of our elementary rights. It consists of روٹی , کپڑا , مکان , تبدیلی , ضروریات وغیرہ.
Being boredom is better. Sometimes we discuss different questions about education system of Pakistan. Personally I love to talk about education. It is something to be loved. It would enhance and would strengthen your mind. Cool. Our education system is not on fleek. But we and our government have to take major steps to improve our education-system. We know that we've political, economic and social challenges and we're facing it very bravely. Cool.