BHEF ( HAMDARD ACADEMY APNA GHAR, ORPHAN اسلام آباد
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Baduwa Health and Education Foundation (BHEF) Khaplu, Ganche is the only operating orphans education system working since 2000 due to the sincerity, honesty and devotion of the chairman Muhammad Jan who is the founder of the Organization.
The most inspirational, motivational and devoted person I ever met as the Organization is working in the backward area of Pakistan.His mission is to educate the society that it will become compatible to other progressing societies.The area where the Organization is situated has lack educational and health facilities and the Chairman wants to give these facilities to Orphans, poor and needy people.The Organization financial status is not that strong because mostly donors are local they need budgets to work more efficiently and effectively.
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Somali, Movement of expansion from the Middle East towards East and southern Africa.
The first known major impetus to Somali migration was that of Sheikh Ismāʿīl Jabartī, ancestor of the Daarood Somali, who apparently traveled from Arabia to settle in the northeastern corner of the Somali peninsula in the 11th century. This was followed, perhaps two centuries later, by the settlement of Sheikh Isaq, founder of the Isaaq Somali. As the Daarood and Isaaq clans grew in numbers and territory in the northeast, they began to vie with their Oromo neighbours, thus creating a general thrust toward the southwest. Thus, by the latter part of the 19th century, the coastal and hinterland traditions had merged, and the centre of pressure had swung from the coast to the interior. In the north the ancient ports of Berbera and Seylac, much reduced in prosperity and importance, were now controlled by Somali nomads, and the position of the old ports of Marca, Baraawe, and Mogadishu was very similar. These towns had all been penetrated by various Somali clans, and the dominant political influence became that exercised by the Geledi clan ruling the lower reaches of the Shabeelle. Commercial and political links that provided an opening for European infiltration had, however, also been forged between these two coasts and the outside world. Part of the northern Somali coast, including Seylac, was then nominally under Turkish suzerainty (the Turkish claim going back to the 16th century, when Turkish forces had aided Aḥmad Grāñ in his campaigns against Ethiopia). The southern coastal towns, on the other hand, acknowledged the overlordship of the sultan of Zanzibar, although the latter’s authority was slight in comparison with that exercised locally by the Geledi Somali.
The imperial partition
Competition between the European powers and Ethiopia
About the middle of the 19th century, the Somali peninsula became a theatre of competition between Great Britain, Italy, and France. On the African continent itself Egypt also was involved, and later Ethiopia, expanding and consolidating its realm under the guiding leadership of the emperors Tewodros II, Yohannes IV, and Menilek II. Britain’s interest in the northern Somali coast followed the establishment in 1839 of the British coaling station at Aden on the short route to India. The Aden garrison relied upon the importation of meat from the adjacent Somali coast. France sought its own coaling station and obtained Obock on the Afar coast in 1862, later thrusting eastward and developing the Somali port of Djibouti. Farther north, Italy opened a station in 1869 at Aseb, which, with later acquisitions, became the colony of Eritrea. Stimulated by these European maneuvers, Egypt revived Turkey’s ancient claims to the Red Sea coast. In 1870 the Egyptian flag was raised at Bullaxaar (Bulhar) and at Berbera. Britain at first protested these Egyptian moves but by 1877 had come to regard the Egyptian occupation as a convenient bulwark against the encroachments of European rivals. With the disorganization caused by the revolt in the Sudan during this period, however, Egypt was obliged to curtail its colonial responsibilities, evacuating Hārer and its Somali possessions in 1885. In these circumstances the British government reluctantly decided to fill the gap left by Egypt. Between 1884 and 1886, accordingly, treaties of protection were drawn up with the main northern Somali clans guaranteeing them their “independence.” Somali territory was not fully ceded to Britain, but a British protectorate was proclaimed and vice-consuls appointed to maintain order and control trade at Seylac, Berbera, and Bullaxaar. The interior of the country was left undisturbed, only the coast being affected.
Meanwhile, France had been assiduously extending its colony from Obock, and a clash with Britain was only narrowly averted when an Anglo-French agreement on the boundaries of the two powers’ Somali possessions was signed in 1888. In the same period, the Italians were also actively extending their Eritrean colony and encroaching upon Ethiopian territory. Not to be outdone, Menilek took the opportunity of seizing the Muslim city of Hārer, left independent after the Egyptian withdrawal. In 1889 Ethiopia and Italy concluded the Treaty of Wichale, which in the Italian view established an Italian protectorate over Ethiopia. Arms and capital were poured into the country, and Menilek was able to apply these new resources to bring pressure to bear on the Somali clansmen around Hārer. In 1889 Italy also acquired two protectorates in the northeastern corner of Somalia, and by the end of the year the southern part of the Somali coast leased by the British East Africa Company from the sultan of Zanzibar was sublet to an Italian company.
Italy had thus acquired a Somali colony. From 1892 the lease was held directly from Zanzibar for an annual rent of 160,000 rupees, and, after the failure of two Italian companies by 1905, the Italian government assumed direct responsibility for its colony of Italian Somaliland. To the south of the Jubba River the British East Africa Company held Jubaland until 1895, when this became part of Britain’s East Africa protectorate. Britain and Italy had reached agreement in 1884 on the extent of their respective Somali territories, but the Battle of Adwa (1896), at which the infiltrating Italian armies were crushed by Ethiopian forces, radically changed the position. Ethiopia, then independent of Italy, was plainly master of the hinterland, and in 1896–97 Italy, France, and Britain all signed treaties with Emperor Menilek, curtailing their Somali possessions. Italy gave up the Somali Ogaden, and Britain excised much of the western Hawd from its protectorate. Although the land and the Somali clansmen (who were not consulted), so abandoned, were not recognized as belonging to Ethiopia, there was nothing then to stop their gradual acquisition by Ethiopia.
The new-age Network:-Algorand and DeFi,decentralized finance solutions
Decentralized Finance (DeFi) is the merger of traditional bank services with decentralized technologies such as blockchain. DeFi can also go under the name Open Finance due to its inclusive format. Importantly, the DeFi community seeks to create alternatives to every financial service currently available. These services include items such as savings and checking accounts, loans, asset trading, insurance, and much more. The DeFi stands for Decentralized Finance and what does this really mean? Looking at the evolution of currency from trade by barter to digital currency, currency has always been controlled by a centralized body otherwise known as Central Bank. Decentralized finance, in a nutshell, has to do with all the financial application that is running on top of the blockchain. It is a system of controlling our assets through an open-source and through an ecosystem that allows everybody to have access to financial transparency without waiting for any central authority to take decisions. With decentralized finance, everyone is giving the chance to interact with the system throughout P2P and Dapps.
What is DeFi Offering?
Unlike traditional finance which can also be referred to as centralized finance, decentralized finance does not need any third party or intermediaries before users can have control over their assets or interact with the system. DeFi is offering you control of your own assets.
Though many new-age banks and fin-tech firms promise to provide more control to the users, in reality, you are still trusting in them to manage your funds. The objective of DeFi is to give you full control of your assets, and it can because of decentralization and blockchain technology. Also, many developers of financial apps are adopting open-source protocols for trading through decentralized exchanges.
Importance of DeFi:
DeFi continues to play an important role in the evolution of the financial sector for many reasons. For instance, DeFi expands the functionality and reach of money. Since all you need to participate in the DeFi sector is a Smartphone, there is huge potential to expand the global economy. Consequently, analysts see this sector as one of the most important currently under development in the crypto space. This commitment to the development of a DeFi ecosystem is easy to recognize. Importantly, DeFi is the fastest growing sector in blockchain.
The Algorand blockchain is entirely decentralized, which means there is no powerful central authority or single point of control. .A unique committee of users is randomly and secretly selected to approve every block. It solves the blockchain trilemma by providing scalability, decentralization, and security at the same time without compromising anyone of the element. The fact that all protocols are open-source allows anyone to build new financial products on top of them. Developers across the globe can collaborate with each other to create new products leading to faster innovation and a secure network.
Anyone can store, trade, and invest their assets in blockchain securely and earn a much higher return than from the traditional financial system. Since there no intermediaries handling your asset, you have complete control over your investments.
Algorand protocol runs on Pure Proof of Stake, that is built on byzantine agreement. A design implementation that defines how people can participate in a decentralized network while preventing forged identities at the same time. It is a mechanism that when combined with a Byzantine agreement protocol creates a way for a large group of people to achieve consensus. Pure proof-of-stake means that for anyone wanting to participate in the Algorand network, they can signal that intent by flagging an account with Algo as a participant.so there is no centralization involved in this Blockchain Network.
How categorize DeFi solutions on Algorand:
The Algorand protocol is the ideal blockchain. To understand DeFi solutions and capabilities with an efficient blockchain infrastructure should look in the Algorand protocol. Instead, these platforms integrate advanced smart contracts to streamline their business systems. Smart contracts are preprogrammed protocols that initiate upon receiving crypto to their address. Importantly smart contracts can handle a huge variety of tasks from customer approval to making payments. It’s important to understand what characteristics and reason give Algorand for the DeFi solution are these:
Open-Source and permissionless:
AS Algorand is an open sourced and permissionless platform. Open source coding refers to the fact that the coding is made public. Additionally, anyone can participate in DeFi Dapps without concern for approval. Additionally, anyone can participate in the Network without concern for approval and participate from all over the world, and make their users decision free. In this way, anyone can audit it and validate its functionality, security, and capabilities. Open-source codes are far more stable and secure than private codes because of this community interaction. Additionally, it provides more confidence in the platform because users can rest assured that no hidden malicious coding is operating in the background
Algorand provides the world with new levels of transparency. Transparency provides trust for the users. Network participants have the ability to access holdings and transactions of public addresses using a block explorer, used to search the blocks of a blockchain, their contents, and their relevant details. Programs such as block explorers can help people track and trace decentralized transactions of non-privacy focused coins.
True Decentralization of Finance:
Algorand offers true decentralization. Any platform that is based on Algorand’s protocol will be truly and fully decentralized. Eventually, Finance will be truly decentralized if DeFi is incorporated on Algorand. It store data cryptographically on a distributed ledger so that all users have equal rights over the data. Algorand’s pure PoS protocol and consensus mechanism is what makes it able to offer true de-centralization.
Interoperability is the main pillar of the ecosystem, Interoperability is critical because it ensures that as more developers enter the space, all the previous work is not lost. Instead, users can stack their DeFi products to expand their exposure to this new age economy. For instance, it’s common for a single user to utilize Stablecoin, decentralized exchanges, and wallets together. This strategy is possible due to the seamless integration DeFi applications possess by a dedicated community of global users who shares Algorand’s same vision of decentralized and borderless future.
In Algorand the users of the applications, who validate blocks on the chain should be rewarded with specific tokens or digital assets that have value. So users can stake their Algo in their wallet. In addition of new block that is added on the chain rewards are given by their staking amount. Excellent wallet! Users are encouraged by the rewards that are paid into wallet just for holding Algo
Faster transaction,high level of security:
While processing transactions on Algorand, there is no need to integrate a payment gateway to accept funds. Hence, the processing of transactions becomes faster. The smart contracts are governed by private keys, which ensures a high level of data security.In Algorand, user have full control of the money without a trusted third-party. With increased anonymity, the signup process is short and does not take much time. The data records available are more reliable as users can access the public blockchain to evaluate the transaction information. Another unique feature of Algorand’s protocol is it’s atomic transfers. This feature helps to achieve split-second transfers with negligible costs and so on. As far, when a user exchanges an asset via a decentralized exchange, the platform never holds the assets directly. Instead, smart contracts are used to enable a simultaneous wallet-to-wallet swap. In this way, there is no main point of weakness within the platform for a hacker to exploit. All of the applications, that run on Algorand, a secure and open blockchain network, which offers high security and is immutable from hacks and intrusions.
To sum up!
Overall, it may be said the main systems of our society undergo a transformation towards decentralization, there will be more demand for DeFi in the future. These new-age applications continue to disrupt the current business systems in remarkable ways. Soon, decentralized applications will set the new standard for the economy moving forward. Consequently, the global economy could receive a huge boost in participation in the coming years. We have seen, how Algorand help to make De-Fi more acceptable and adoptable in the financial sector, and provides the world with a glimpse into a more scalable, open, and decentralized and secure platform to spread out the solutions.
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Fails Muslim's
OIC has failed to prevent war in Muslim Countries and fulfill peacekeeping duties many times throughout its history. Since the second half of the 20th century, there have been countless wars, some of them still ongoing. OIC has failed several times. The Issues of the following countries is still remained unsolved and OIC silence on war against Muslims led to killing and displacement of many people.
Kashmir dispute (1948-Now).
The ongoing confrontation in the disputed Kashmir region has become one of the greatest human rights crises in history, marked by wanton killings, rape, incarceration of leaders and activists, torture and disappearances of Kashmiris, despite several unimplemented OIC resolutions over the issue.
The mountainous region is divided between India and Pakistan, who have both claimed it in full since gaining independence from British colonists in 1947. The rebellion by several Muslims groups in India-administered Kashmir, who seek either a merger with Pakistan or independence, has gained momentum after 1989. At least 68,000 people have been killed by Indian security forces since then.
Somali civil war (1991-Now)
Since the ouster of dictator Mohamed Siad Barre by the Somali Rebellion in 1991, the decades-long civil war has raged between rival clans in the country.
Srebrenica Massacre (1995)
In 1992, Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its independence after a referendum. Following the declaration of independence, Bosnian Serbs mobilised their forces into the country with the help of the Serbian government, which led to the start of the war. Around 8,000 Muslim men and boys were killed by Bosnian Serb troops under the command of former General Ratko Mladic at Srebrenica in July 1995, the worst mass killing on European soil since World War II.
Darfur conflict in Sudan (2003-Now)
Rebels in Sudan’s western region of Darfur rose up against the government in February 2003, saying Khartoum discriminated against non-Arab farmers there.
Some 200,000 people have been killed in the conflict since then, while 4.4 million people need aid and over 2.5 million have been displaced. The International Criminal Court issued arrest warrants for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al Bashir in 2009 and 2010 on charges of war crimes and genocide in his drive to crush the Darfur revolt.
Iraq invasion (2003-2011)
More than one million Iraqis have died as a result of the conflict in their country since the US-led invasion in 2003, according to research conducted by one of Britain’s leading polling groups. The intervention and regime change sought by the US left Iraq with civil and economic instability, and vulnerable to terrorism by Daesh in the coming years.
Syrian civil war (2011-Now):
The Syrian regime launched a brutal crackdown on peaceful protesters who took to the streets in March 2011, with its leader Bashar al Assad saying he would “relentlessly fight terrorist groups”— referring to the pro-democracy protesters.
The regime released imprisoned Al Qaeda members, right after the protests turned into an uprising, who later formed the backbone of leadership in Daesh, which spread to Syria in 2014 from Iraq. Several foreign countries are involved in several conflict areas across Syria. Syria's conflict alone had, by the end of last year, pushed more than 6.3 million people out of the country, accounting for nearly one-third of the global refugee population. Another 6.2 million Syrians are internally displaced.
The Rohingya genocide is a series of ongoing persecutions by the Myanmar (formerly Burmese) government against the Muslim Rohingya people. The genocide has consisted of two phases to date: the first occurred from October 2016 to January 2017 and the second has been occurring since August 2017. Some of the worst violence is believed to have occurred in Tula Toli, in a village in Maungdaw township, where survivors say residents were rounded up on riverbanks and shot as they tried to flee. Survivors believe thousands may have died in that village alone. Myanmar launched a major military crackdown on the Muslim ethnic minority, killing almost 24,000 civilians and forcing 750,000 others, including women and children, to flee to Bangladesh, according to the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA). mass gang rapes, killings — including of infants and young children — brutal beatings and disappearances committed by Myanmar state forces.
Yemen civil war (2014-Now)
The war in Yemen, which began in 2014, between forces loyal to the internationally-accepted government of President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi backed by Saudi Arabia and Iranian-backed Houthis has turned more violent after a Saudi-led international coalition started operations against Houthis in March 2015. The Saudi-led coalition began its intervention in Yemen in 2015, escalating the war, which left the poorest country in the Arab world in a state of disaster.
Azerbaijan - Armenia Conflicts
An attack on Azerbaijani border force positions in Tovuz is nothing more than an act of aggression against Azerbaijan. Armenia’s third-party orchestrated attempts to attack Azerbaijan is not just a threat to the regional peace and stability, but also to the Europe’s energy security.
Israeli occupation (1948-Now)
Ever since the creation of the Jewish state in 1948, Palestinians have been fighting against what a UN investigator once described as Israel’s ethnic cleansing. At least 15,000 Palestinians were killed and some 750,000 out of a total population of 1.9 million were forced to take refuge far from their homelands between 1947 and 1949. More than 7,000 Palestinians and 1,100 Israelis have died in the conflict between 2000 and 2014. Today Israel controls 85 percent of historic Palestine. It also imposes a crippling blockade on Gaza and continues its construction of illegal settlements on occupied lands.
India as a “guest of honour” at the UAE’s invitation for OIC opening Session during human rights violations in India-administered Kashmir.
In one of the meetings, the head of an Arab state suggested that India be invited to the upcoming session of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), a group of 57 Muslim countries. Pakistan has blocked India’s inclusion in OIC meetings since the organisation was formed in 1969, citing the continuing human rights violations in India-administered Kashmir. New Delhi has launched a crackdown against political activists and pro-independence leaders since a February 14 suicide attack by a local militant in Kashmir killed more than 40 Indian paramilitary troops. Kashmiris have reacted strongly to the OIC’s invitation to the Indian minister. Hurriyat leader Syed Ali Geelani said it was like “rubbing salt on our wounds.”
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Sindh's Islands aren't a tough row to hoe.
The earth of Sindh is lucky, who has many natural and mineral resources. It doesn't matter that their resources are available in any foam, either in caves or islands. We knew the history, how the federal government has been doing to hostage since very early days. Some days ago the federal government issued a presidential order to build the new city at Dingi and Bhandar islands of Sindh. It seems to clear that the federal government has occupied Sindh's islands. obviously, we knew that these islands are in the territory Sindh. But the central government has created a tussle with Sindh for ownership and it's illegal. According to the Constitution, the Maritime area up to 12 nautical miles of Sindh's coastline falls under Sindh's jurisdiction, the federation would not be allowed to occupy the province's land and resources. This is against Article 172 of the Constitution. The central government cannot do this without the provincial government's consent. The provisional government claimed that they had not seen any proposal from the Centre.
Islands are surrounded by mangroves, a breeding ground for marine life. It will create artificial changes to the Indus Delta that impacted the protective mangrove barrier would also expose Sindh's coast including its financial hub of Karachi - to cyclones and tsunamis. Does the central government want more than three million people from the fishing and Jutts communities to die of hunger with their animals?
Another side, India claimed that Pakistan sold their islands to China to build new roads similarly Ex-founder of MQM growled that Zardari sold their Islands. The Conscious Community of Sindh is still alive and condemn vigorously.
The sea is our life, our culture, everything we have. They can only build cities here over our dead bodies. This new development will mean an end to the fishing industry, mangroves, and other resources also.
I can imagine it becoming a relaxation spot for the elite even as our children die of hunger. It cannot happen. We may die, but we will die fighting for our rights until and unless the federal government will provide the best alternative facilities with jobs before going to start and Revenue generation will use for inhabitants of Sindh province.
Masters in Pak studies &
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Prezident SFZ Ján Kováčik: Pavel Hapal a jeho koniec - SME.sk
Povedie Slovensko dočasne Tarkovič?
Pavel Hapal vydral na pozícii trénera slovenskej reprezentácie iba necelé dva roky. Prezident Slovenského futbalového zväzu JÁN KOVÁIK potvrdil v piatok jeho odvolanie. Hlavným dôvodom sú neuspokojivé výkony tímu. Slovensko pritom aká 12. novembra finále baráe o postup na majstrovstvá Európy. Aj na tieto otázky reagoval Kováik
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Itin retas Liepos Mondeikaitės-Norkevičienės šuo kainavo 2,5 tūkst. eurų: tai repeticija prieš susilaukiant vaikelio - DELFI
Dainininkė ir TV laidų vedėja Liepa Mondeikaitė-Norkevičienė savo namuose laiko įspūdingą ir labai retą šikoku veislės šunį Riku. Kai Liepa susituokė su verslininku Evaldu, pirmasis rimtas pirkinys – šuniukas Riku. Be kelionės į Nyderlandus išlaidų, šuo kaina…
Dabar negaliau turbt sivaizduoti savo gyvenimo be ito augintinio, nes jis man yra eimos narys. Turbt kiti gali keistai pairti mane, kai sako na va, uo, eimos narys kaip mogus, - sako atlikja. Liepos nuomone, kuriant eim labai svarbu abiem sutuoktiniams imokti atsakomybs. Ypa prie susilaukiant vaik. Tuomet geriau pasti ne tik save, bet ir savo vyr, raoma praneime spaudai. Jis man yra turbt kaip vaikas. Kaip sako, vieni susituokia, vaikus gimdo, tai mes nusprendme sigyti un. Prie vaikus gera repeticija. iaip esu pakankamai didel gyvn myltoja ir vis laik labai norjau gyvn, norjau t un ir labai diaugiuos, kad mano vyras i t moni, kurie irgi mgsta gyvnus, - teigia Liepa. Riku (nuotraukoje deinje) pirmas dainininks uo. Nors vaikystje, kai dar Liepa buvo visai maa, norjo turti uniuk, taiau tvai tam prietaravo. Apie Liepos Mondeikaits-Norkeviiens uns Riku ikrstus poktus ir eimos santykius etadien pasakos LNK gyvn gyvenimo bdo laida Gyvn pasaulis su Pauliumi Kaupeliu.