Neglected parasitic disease during preg Toba Tek Singh
Neglected parasitic disease during pregnancy:
Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by protozoal parasite Toxoplasma gondii. It is a zoonotic disease. Common house hold cat are the major cause to spread the disease in pregnant women. While infection can be spread through contaminated water or food, undercooked meat, mother to fetus, organ and blood transplant (rare).
In healthy persons very mild symptoms were caused by Toxoplasmosis normally, but as far pregnant women it will cause serious damages to fetus leading to abortion. A cat can’t transmit disease as a pet but the infection comes from coming into contact with the infected faeces of a cat. If a woman before few weeks when she get pregnant or first time infected during her first pregnancy with toxoplasmosis is only a risk to an unborn baby. Congenital toxoplasmosis is the disease which transmits from mother to her unborn baby. If you catch toxoplasmosis for the first time during pregnancy, it does not mean that your baby will be infected. On average, only 4 in 10 of such infections will pass to the baby. Caught during pregnancy, toxoplasmosis can cause miscarriage, stillbirth or damage to the baby’s brain and other organs, particularly the eyes. However, most babies born with toxoplasmosis have no obvious damage at birth but develop symptoms, usually eye damage, during childhood or even adulthood. A few will have more serious symptoms such as blindness or brain damage.
Many factors in our daily routine are can play major roles to spread this contagious disease toxoplasmosis.
These factors could be:
• raw or undercooked meat (meat showing any traces of pink or blood), and raw cured meat
• unwashed vegetables and fruit
• cat faeces or soil contaminated with cat faeces
• unpasteurised goats’ milk and dairy products made from it.
The infection can also be passed:
• Through the placenta if the mother becomes infected infection (mother to unborn baby).
• Through infected matter entering human body fluids; if, for example, during the process of lambing, material splashes into eyes or open cuts.
• Through transplanted organs or blood products from other humans that are infected toxoplasmosis
• Through inhaling the parasite eggs (possible but very unusual).
Person-to-person infection is not possible, except from mother to unborn child. Anyone who eats anything infected with the parasite. Pregnant women who work on the land, in catering or farming may be at higher risk as they may be more likely to come into contact with the parasite. Lambing is a particular risk for pregnant women.
Tips to avoid toxoplasmosis during pregnancy
Only eat meat that has been thoroughly cooked (ie, with no trace of blood or pinkness).
• Avoid raw meat and cured meat, such as Parma ham.
• Wash hands, chopping boards and utensils thoroughly after preparing raw meat.
• Wash all fruit and vegetables thoroughly before cooking/eating to remove all traces of soil.
• Avoid unpasteurised goats’ milk and dairy products made from it.
• Wear gloves when gardening and wash hands and gloves afterwards – if you eat while gardening wash your hands first, and try to avoid gardening in areas that may have been soiled with cat faeces.
• Cover children’s sandpits to prevent cats using them as litter boxes.
• Remove faeces from cat litter tray every day wearing rubber gloves (or ask someone else do this), scald trays regularly with boiling water.
• If you are handling litter trays, wash gloves and hands thoroughly afterwards.
• Do not handle lambing ewes and do not bring lambs into the house
Blood tests for toxoplasmosis can be done at any stage before or during pregnancy. The blood test can usually only show possible infection two to three weeks after any risk incident, as it can take this long for antibodies to be detectable. The blood test involves taking a small amount of blood from the mother. There is no risk to the unborn baby. The blood test aims to show whether certain antibodies indicating toxoplasmosis are present or not, and, if they are present, to find out when the infection happened. If the tests show that there is a recent or current infection, there is a risk that the baby will be infected. But in case of negative blood result Doctor can go with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) result for further confirmation of results. As molecular test are DNA based and their report ones can’t be challenged. The obstetrician or GP will make a recommendation about any further action that might be required. It may take several weeks for the infection to pass from you to your baby. The degree of risk and severity of damage depends on when you were infected. All babies born to women with confirmed toxoplasmosis in pregnancy will be monitored closely by pediatricians and receive blood tests during their first year. Breastfeeding is safe if you have toxoplasmosis, the disease cannot be transmitted this way. You are also passing on extra antibodies to your baby, making their immune system stronger. Breastfeeding is therefore recommended, unless you are being treated with pyrimethamine. This medication should be changed before breastfeeding.
Unfortunately parasitic diseases are neglected in pregnant women in Pakistan. Presence of various abortion causes parasitic disease is serious problems for mother and fetal health also. Parasitic diseases can be considered seriously during pregnancy. Only few studies were found on toxoplasmosis from Pakistan. Therefore it is a suggestion to do more research on this parasite in Pakistan to highlight the damages of this disease and to reduce the possible damages from this disease.
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Natural Pollution Environmental contamination is expanding with each passing year and dispensing grave and hopeless harm to the world. Natural contamination is of distinctive sorts to be specific discuss, water, soil, clamor and light-weight. These cause harm to the living framework. How contamination interatomic with open wellbeing, natural pharmaceutical and the environment has experienced emotional alter. Later oil spills within the Yellowstone Waterway, Gold country tundra and Enbridge (Wisconsin) illustrate how contamination can specifically and by implication affect man’s wellbeing natural contamination was not a medical/public wellbeing issue nor was it talked about in clinical settings. Since the 1950s, natural pharmaceutical has been examined more regularly through a more prominent mindfulness in open wellbeing and preventive medicine; in spite of the fact that nowadays, there's presently a center. Natural and word related medication are be that as it may more commonly seen as an coordinates subject, with accentuation given to mechanical issues. Certainly, contamination issues have been recognized within the far off past but were more effortlessly relieved by nature due to the constrained complexity of the toxin, its degradability (e.g. biodegradable organics) and lower industrialization. Health-related impacts from natural contamination have been well known, but were not completely realized until highly notable occasions just like the Donora (Pennsylvania) brown haze event in 1948 coming about in afterward open wellbeing programs counting in their preparing a discourse of natural medication. There has been an expanded mindfulness of how contamination is watched with respect to its wellbeing affect and demeanors toward open wellbeing and natural medication. Harm from oil spills will not as it were impact open wellbeing but generally illness rates for a long time to come. As natural contamination increments so will the significance of natural medication in overseeing its results.
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WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THIS DIRT?
Sometimes in the name of admission, sometimes in the name of practical marks, sometimes in the name of grades, sometimes in the name of appeasing hostel elders, sometimes in the name of appeasing terror bureaucrats. Their bodies are mutilated like wild animals and hungry dogs. The dream of becoming a doctor and an engineer becomes her crime and she has to pay the price.
A heartbreaking news has been circulating on social media and mainstream media for almost two days now. The footage showed a man carrying a girl in his arms and bringing her to the hospital, where he fled. A medical examination revealed that the girl was brought to the hospital dead.
Such disgraceful incidents occur on a daily basis. Sometimes parents drink tears of blood and keep quiet to avoid stigma. Sometimes daughters commit suicide and sometimes they spend their whole lives with these scars.
The root of all this evil is mixed and tireless education and girls living in hostels away from their homes and men teaching girls and parents are not teaching religious education, they are away from religion. In the name of fashion parents allow their girls to wear vulgar dressing
Sometimes false love in colleges and universities and then to please the whole group of friends, otherwise the threat of video upload, sometimes monthly extortion.
It is a shocking incident that the man pretended to love a girl and had an illicit affair, as a result of which the girl became pregnant and then further persecuted the man for aborting or aborting the illegitimate pregnancy. Forced the girl to arrange Rs. 125,000 in the name of university fees by lying to her family and cheating them. Then in spite of all this, the girl lost her life while trying to get pregnant and this so-called false lover left the girl dead in the hospital and ran away from this whole situation.
I ask my sisters and daughters, especially the students, to understand that Allah Almighty has blessed you with an honor by making you a woman. It is through the woman that the generation grows, thus she is the protector of her generation and lineage. That is why, under the feet of a mother, it has been called heaven.
Our esteemed women, sisters, daughters should understand that if such a situation arises, the loss will be to the woman and the man will shake hands and step aside. The honor of yourself and your family is in your own hands. Parents trusted you, sent you to college and university for your better future, so now it is your duty to fulfill their trust and not hurt it.
The incident described above is enough to open our eyes. Such a tragic incident have happened to a girl who had left home for education.
In all these situations, I would again ask the girls to think for themselves and their parents who enrolled you in educational institutions to equip you with education for your better future. Don't hurt their confidence and protect your honor and your precious life.
I would like to ask the parents to spend time and skills on providing religious facilities to their children as well as their religious and Islamic training. Build a trusting relationship with your children so that they can take guidance from you in every situation. Otherwise, regret and disease will become your destiny later in life.
I am really saddened by this tragic incident. Choose the path that is honorable and noble. Otherwise, such incidents will continue to happen and society will be devastated.
I also pray for this girl that may Allah, the Exalted, forgive her shortcomings and slips and forgive her.
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