All publications of Khadija Kanwal . Mandi Bahāuddīn , پاکستان
Problems of Farmers in Pakistan
Economy of Pakistan is predominantly agro-based; agriculture contributes more than 20% of national GDP and also provides employment to 45% rural people of the total work force. It also contributes significantly to national growth as supplier of raw materials to agro-based industry. About 60% of country's population is directly or indirectly connected with agriculture for their livelihood. However, there exists a large gap between the potential and average yield of crops produced by farmers. This yield hole can sensibly be limited by diffusing present day horticultural innovations among the cultivating networks.
Pakistan's horticulture is contributing 21.4 percent to national GDP and remains the foundation of Pakistan's economy. It additionally gives crude material to different enterprises including material and sugar industry. More than 70 percent of Pakistan’s population is directly or indirectly linked with agriculture but it’s unfortunate that in our country farm productivity is far less as compared to other countries.
Restricted cultivable region Problem Solution Pakistan is wealthy in rich land yet the land is being squandered in various manners. 79.6% million hectors of land is cultural where as just 20.43% million hectors is developed Waste Land. Around 8 million hectares zone is inert and un-used.
Water logging and saltiness are twin issues of plant division. Water logging and saltiness impact about 0.10 million segment of place where there is land in reliably. Economic Loss to Agricultural Economy, around 43% of the zone in the Indus Basin Irrigation System is named waterlogged with the water table at a profundity of less than three meters, influencing around 7.1 million hectares.
The most significant issue of agribusiness is its low yield per hectare for pretty much every significant harvest. 45.0% of work power is occupied with this part in Pakistan while it is fewer than 5% in evolved nations.
The supply of modern inputs like high yielding variety seeds, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, mechanized machinery etc. not only costly but also inadequate and irregular.
The lower water supplies, loses from water course in the fields are the significant issues of homestead segment. Genuine surface water accessibility is 91.8 million section of land feet.
The Various Plant Diseases Various horticultural harvests like cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, wheat and rice frequently go under assault of nuisances and bugs. Irritations and plant maladies lessen the yearly efficiency of agribusiness. There is 20% decrease in efficiency because of superfluous downpour and troublesome climatic circumstances in Pakistan.
Poor farmers can't manage the cost of the costly innovation from their own assets in Pakistan. . A proportion of Rs. 85,177 million is administered by business banks in 2009 and Rs. 49 billion was scattered by ZTBL. ZTBL gave credit or Rs. 37.4billions during 2010-11
Water logging and saltiness pulverizes around one million section of land of land each year in Punjab and Sindh. The Ministry of Agriculture proposed to contribute Rs. 18.5 billion with the goal of changing over 2,00,000 sections of land of watered land to trickle and shower water system framework
High yielding seed isn't accessible at reasonable cost in Pakistan. Along these lines, ranchers need to rely on low nature of seeds that causes 20% decrease in absolute creation. Government ought to give HYV seed at least cost right now.
Dr. Muhammmad Yaseen
Department of Agriculture Extension,
College of Agriculture, UOS, Sargodha.